Authors:Bradley W. Vines, Carol L. Krumhansl, Marcelo M. Wanderley, Ioana M. Dalca, Daniel J. Levitin
Publication or Conference Title:Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
This paper explores the dimensions of emotion conveyed by music. Participants rated emotion terms after seeing and/or hearing recordings of clarinet performances that varied in expressive content. A factor analysis revealed four independent dimensions of emotion. Changes to the clarinetists’ expressive intentions did not significantly affect emotions conveyed by sound. It was largely through the visual modality that expressive intentions influenced the experience for observers.